What is Leviathan in the Bible? Here is a list of everything you need to know about Leviathan in the Bible, including information on Genesis and Job. The word Leviathan has many different meanings in addition to one specific meaning. To understand what the term means, we must first discuss its origin.

Scholars have been perplexed and no one seems to have a firm understanding of the nature of the Leviathan, a beast that is mentioned in Job 40 and Psalm 74:14, and about which no one has come to a conclusive understanding.


What is Leviathan in the Bible?

We’ll examine the various Bible verses that make reference to the Leviathan in this article, as well as any potential literary devices. We’ll also explore some of the hypotheses made by academics regarding the true nature of the beast and why it ultimately matters to modern believers.

Job 41:12-15

I will not fail to speak of Leviathan’s limbs, its strength and its graceful form. Who can strip off its outer coat? Who can penetrate its double coat of armor? Who dares open the doors of its mouth, ringed about with fearsome teeth? Its back has rows of shields tightly sealed together.


Job 41:12-15

In this Bible verses, Job is further persuaded of his own frailty and of God’s omnipotent power by the description of the Leviathan.


It is often disputed whether this Leviathan is a whale or a crocodile. The Lord displays his own power in that powerful creature after demonstrating to Job his incapacity to defeat the Leviathan.

This shows the mighty power of God over all our challenges no matter how big it might appear.


What is the meaning of Leviathan in the Bible

Psalm 74:14

It was you who crushed the heads of Leviathan and gave it as food to the creatures of the desert

Psalm 74:14

According to legend, the Leviathan was a sea dragon or monster that terrorized fishermen and sailors.

Some people think that Leviathan refers to a type of extinct dinosaur that resembled a dragon often use by God in making reference to fearful monster.

Leviathan is described as a sea serpent in Psalm 74:12–14, and it is said that God broke its head long ago, possibly at creation.

What is a Leviathan as mentioned in the Bible

Isaiah 27:1

In that day, the Lord will punish with his sword, his fierce, great and powerful sword Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea

Isaiah 27:1

There are several intriguing instances in Scripture where the name Leviathan, which means “twisting one,” is used.

Nowadays, a leviathan is typically portrayed in movies as a huge sea serpent.
A multiheaded sea serpent is how the leviathan is described (Psalm 74:14). He was the largest and most powerful creature that ever roamed the earth. Each scale on his body, which served as armor, was the size of a shield and none of them could be penetrated by any kind of weapon. His skin was covered in these scales.

According to the description, they were pressed so closely together that no air could pass between them. In essence, the leviathan had a dragon’s skin without any of the weak points. He was capable of breathing fire and had pointed teeth. His nostrils gave off smoke, and it was said that his breath could kindle coals on its own.

What does the Leviathan represent in the Bible?

Psalm 74:14

You crushed the heads of Leviathan; You gave him as food for the creatures of the wilderness.

Psalm 74:14

As seen in the scriptures, leviathans represent beasts that stand in as opposition to God’s faithful people.

They represent in themselves all the hostility that exists in creating natural and supernatural against God’s people and the powerful nations that have consistently threatened the people of God while being influenced by the evil forces of darkness.

But in this instance, the enormous monsters are shown to be a defeated enemy who must be slain by the powerful God who created them.

These beasts are a great and awesome creatures, with influence over both heaven and earth as well as the sea, who are the enemy of God.

What happened to Leviathan in the Bible?

Isaiah 27:1

In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

Isaiah 27:1

Here, Leviathan is portrayed as a gigantic serpent-like monster that is also referred to as a “tannin” (sea monster).

In accordance with Isaiah 26:20–21, God announces in this verse the accomplishment of His purpose of bringing about judgment on all who stand against Him, whether they be men or other deities.

In that day, Yahweh will slay the sea monster (tannin) and punish Leviathan the swift serpent and Leviathan the crooked serpent with his painful, great, and powerful sword.

Behemoth and Leviathan in the Bible

Job 40:15-19: “Behold, Behemoth, which I made as I made you; he eats grass like an ox. Behold, his strength in his loins, and his power in the muscles of his belly. He makes his tail stiff like a cedar; the sinews of his thighs are knit together. His bones are tubes of bronze, his limbs like bars of iron. He is the first of the works of God; let him who made him bring near his sword! For the mountains yield food for him where all the wild beasts play.

Job 40:15-19

Another creature that appears to have descriptions that are almost unreal can be found in the Bible is behemoth. Although many of us have heard the name of this creature before, we might not be familiar with the subject of the Bible’s mention.

This creature is first mentioned in the Bible around the same time that the leviathan is. These verses describe this animal as having a long, strong tail as well as strong bones and muscles to go along with it.

This description makes us think of an aquatic dinosaur or other more ancient creature. It’s not that far-fetched to say that enormous creatures coexisted with human civilizations according to archaeological discoveries.

Does the Leviathan still exist?

Psalm 74:12-14

Yet God is my king from of old, Who works deeds of deliverance in the midst of the earth. You divided the sea by Your strength; You broke the heads of the sea monsters in the waters. You crushed the heads of Leviathan; You gave him as food for the creatures of the wilderness.

Psalms 74:

Initially, there were a male and a female Leviathan. The Bible, however, explains that this combination made God wary; He realized that allowing a creature that powerful to reproduce would probably prove harmful for humans.

He thus killed the female and preserved the meat for later consumption by the just in the world. He also created “garments of light” for Adam and Eve.

He also spayed the male at this time. Although God allowed him to live, He wanted to be cautious in order to stop any potential leviathan in the future.

There is a belief that the leviathan, along with two other enormous creatures, will one day be served at the banquet feast at the end of time.

Leviathan in job

Job 41:10

“No one is so fierce that he dares to arouse him;
Who then is he that can stand before Me?

Job 41:10

The second creature that God mentions in Job is a Leviathan. This creature is the subject of the entire 41st chapter of Job. It is said that Leviathan is a ferocious, uncontrollable beast.

It has a mouthful of deadly teeth and is encased in impenetrable armor. Leviathan stirs the sea like an ink pot while exhaling fire and smoke. Nothing on the planet compares to it.

Leviathan, in contrast to Behemoth, is mentioned elsewhere in the Bible. The phrase “heads of Leviathan” in Psalm 74:14 alludes to a multiheaded beast. Leviathan is pictured as playing in the vast sea in Psalm 104:26. And Leviathan, a sea monster, and coiling serpent, is slain by God in Isaiah 27:1.

What chapter is the Leviathan in the bible?

The word Leviathan can be seen six times in the Bible: There are:

Isaiah 27:1

In that day the Lord with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.”


Isaiah 27:1

Psalms 74:14

Thou didst crush the heads of the Leviathan, thou didst give him for food to the creatures of the desert.”

Psalms 74:14

Psalms 104:25,26

O Lord, how manifold thy works, in wisdom you have created them all. So is this great and wide sea… there go the ships and the Leviathan which you have created to play therein”

Book of Job 3:8:

May those who curse days curse that day, those who are ready to rouse Leviathan ”

Psalm 104:26:

There the ships move along, And Leviathan, which You have formed to sport in it.

Book of Job 41:1-24:

Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook? Or press down his tongue with a cord?

Leviathan in revelation

Revelation 13:1-3

“And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.

And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.

And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.”

In Revelation 13, John the Beloved makes a clear and pointed criticism of the existing Roman system by equating the metaphor of a sea monster resembling Leviathan with the antagonistic world empires of Daniel 7.

Once more, biblical and mythological themes and patterns are interconnected.

What the Bible says about Leviathan?

Leviathan is described in the Bible as a dreadful creature of grotesque ferocity and overwhelming strength. “Coiled” or “twisted” is the root of the Hebrew word for “Leviathan.”

Leviathan is described as “the sea monster” in Isaiah 27:1 along with other serpents that move quickly and squirm. Whatever these sea monsters are or were, it was well known for their power and wild nature.

Leviathan is governed by God’s omnipotence, as God argues in Job 41. Job had been challenging God, but God turned the tables and highlighted Job’s weakness and frailty by using the leviathan’s power.

How great is God if He created Leviathan, an animal Job cannot stand in front of? With this, we are made to understand God’s mighty power and control.


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